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HUMAN OR INHUMAN RIGHTS?

HUMAN OR INHUMAN RIGHTS?

Panagiotis Karafotias
17 May, 2024

By the way, for those who don't know, the first time in history that human rights were mentioned was when the Persian king Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon in 539 BC and freed the slaves! This act is the first, as far as I know, landmark in the history of human rights. He himself wrote a declaration stating that all people have rights, and established racial equality. The declaration was recorded on a clay scroll and is considered the first Charter of Human Rights! Then, human rights, as a social concept, developed hundreds of years BC in China, India and Greece, where for the first time we find the search by philosophers, as a right, of the concepts of freedom, truth, absence fear etc.

       Also, the state of Alexander the Great is a special chapter of contribution to highlighting the value of human rights. Greek researchers refer to Alexander the Great's speech in Opi in 324 BC, but the text as such is disputed and considered a compilation of ideas by Alexander the Great. But anyway, he proved these ideas in practice with actions unprecedented for that time, such as world peace and brotherhood, the abolition of racial discrimination, etc., and which make him a forerunner of Christianity and the principles of the UN and of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights {UDHR}. Also in China, the philosopher Mencius, about two thousand three hundred years ago, referred to human rights, characteristically saying: "when a leader treats his subjects like grass and trash, then his subjects must also treat him like a robber and an enemy."

     Also, in ancient Greece, India and Rome, "Natural Law" was developed.

     Then we have the Magna Charta in 1215 (Libertatum-dispute between King and Barons, annulled by the Pope) and the Petition of Right in England in 1628, the American Revolution in 1776 and the US Constitution in 1787, as well as the French Revolution in 1789 with the famous triptych Liberty, Equality, Fraternity (Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite), the US Declaration in 1791 (Bill of Rights- which included the Virginia Declaration), the British Bill of Rights in 1869), the philosophical theories of the French Voltaire, Rousseau, Diderot, as well as the English Locke and Hume. We also have the Charter of Riga Velestinlis, inspired by the French National Assemblies, and even the philosophical thought of Mahatma Gandhi. At the same time, Christian and socialist worldviews completed the picture.

            As far as international organizations are concerned, only the UN dealt systematically with human rights. The SC was limited to a few sectors of the A.D. The world community had not yet matured when it came to human rights. Colonialism held well, as well as racism, etc. inhumane practices. The tragedy of World War II as well as the progress of democracy contributed to the promotion of human rights.

            And we reach the most important historical milestone: On December 10, 1948, the UN General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which was characterized as "a model of achievement for all peoples", and where in its 30 articles it covers the widest possible range of of human rights. The protagonist was the French jurist René Cassin (Nobel Prize) who had been influenced by ancient Greek philosophers. Eleanor, the wife of the late American President Franklin Roosevelt, also played an important role. It must be pointed out that an NGO took the lead in achieving the Declaration and this highlights the value and importance of the initiatives of active and responsible citizens. Also, that from the Conference of St. Francis in 1945 for the UN Charter, about 40 NGOs lobbied to include human rights in the Charter.

        The fact is that the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a modern universal social "Gospel", which inspires and draws the right line of navigation for civilized humanity. In 1946, ECOSOC established the UN Commission on Human Rights (Commission), which was succeeded in 2006 by the Council on Human Rights (Council), which is made up of 47 member states elected by the General Assembly for 3 years . The members are elected as follows: 13 from Africa, 13 from Asia, 8 from N. America, 7 from W. Europe, 6 from N. Europe. Headquarters in Geneva. It has a President and 4 Vice Presidents.

        In 1966 the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights was adopted and entered into force in 1976. Also the First Optional Protocol. The UDHR was the starting point for the adoption by many UN member states of dozens of Conventions and Declarations related to human rights. Some Conventions are as follows: 1) 1948. The Convention on the Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, 2) 1951. The Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, 3) 1966. The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (established and jurisdiction Committee), 4) 1979. The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (committee established), 5) 1984. The Convention Against Torture and Other Inhuman and Degrading Treatment and Punishment (Committee established), 6 ) 1989. The Convention on the Rights of the Child. 7) 1990. The Convention for the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Their Families. There is also a Sub-Committee for Minority Issues.

         Regarding the Declarations, some are the following: 1) 1981. The Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and Discrimination Based on Religion and Belief. 2) 1986, The Declaration on the Rights to Development (affirmed in the Vienna Declaration and Program of Action in 1993). 3) 1992, the Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities.           

       An important milestone is the two decisions of the UN General Assembly, one in 1984 on the Right of Peoples to Peace, and the other in 1986 on the Right of Peoples to Development. Also, the creation of the post of UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in 1993.  This post was created in 1993 to strengthen the coordination and impact of UN human rights activities. The High Commissioner is appointed for 4 years. It reports to the Council and through ECOSOC to the General Assembly. It cooperates with special UN organizations such as UNICEF, UNESCO, the UN Development Program (UNDP). It also offers technical cooperation at the request of states for the protection of human rights. In Greece, the Office of the High Commissioner offers important services.

        In the framework of the UN Decade for Human Rights Education (1995-2005), the Office offered relevant information. The UN promotes human rights by acting as: 1) As a global conscience, 2) As a law maker, 3) As a monitor, 4) As a nerve center. (Over 100 thousand complaints every year to the OHCHR Office, (tel. 41-22-917-0092 in Geneva). 5) As a researcher, 6) As a forum appeal, 7) As an on-site investigator (fact-finder), 8) As a discreet diplomat.

        Parenthetically, with regard to the regional level, in 1950 the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and its 11 additional Protocols, the European Social Charter in 1961, the American Convention on Human Rights in 1978, the Charter of African States on Human and Peoples' Rights in 1981, the EEC and EU Treaties 1957,1986,1992.

        Let us, however, try, epigrammatically, to evaluate the rights included in the Universal Declaration (individual and collective and by categories, political, social, civil, cultural) and let us reflect on whether they apply in practice, as well as the progress that has been achieved, if it has :

Article 1 states that all men are born free and equal in dignity and rights and shall treat one another in a spirit of brotherhood. Article 2 abolishes political, religious, social, racial etc. discrimination. Article 3 enshrines the right to life, liberty and security of person. Articles 4 and 5 abolish slavery, the slave trade, torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. Other articles prohibit arbitrary arrest, detention, exile, interference with private life, family, residence, etc., to limit ourselves to the most important ones. Article 19 recognizes the right to freedom of opinion and expression without adverse effects. Article 20, par.2 states that no one can be forced to belong to an organization. Article 22 recognizes the right of every person to social security so that, with national initiative and international cooperation, he can enjoy the economic, social and cultural rights necessary for the dignity and free development of his personality.

        Of course, these are true in theory, because if we study carefully and without willful blindness or blinkers what is happening in global society, we will find the contradiction between theory and practice. The numbers are revealing and unrelenting according to UN data, and reminiscent of the firing of firing squad weapons:

- The war conflicts after 1945 until today, have caused more than 200 million dead, excluding the disabled, self-inflicted and drug addicts due to the tragic conditions they faced, and the terrible economic and social effects.  

-Territories of independent states, members of the UN, are still under foreign military occupation. The case of the Republic of Cyprus, a member of the UN and the EU, is typical, which, despite dozens of UN resolutions, part of it has been under Turkish military occupation for a full 50 years, and both communities suffer and do not enjoy the goods provided by the Declaration. The same applies to the Middle East, where innocent Palestinians and Israelis are often killed, in addition to the unprecedented and horrific tragedy in modern times in MA countries where they are committed by inhumane Jihadists and others. the most barbaric crimes while, in parallel with the collateral criminal actions that cause the tragic consequences in the seas where innocent refugee children and others drown. under the indifferent and amused gaze of the powerful of the planet. And the inhuman traffickers and those who support them behind the scenes, in the bulletproof.

 The same happens in other areas, e.g. Afghanistan and now in Ukraine. According to authoritative journalistic sources, the war in Ukraine, which has claimed the lives of about 300 thousand people, has brought some weapons industries about 250 billion dollars! And the international indifference in the red. Political and religious leaders were limited to appeals and proclamations and then "silent fish". Even the UN Secretary General! Also the right to self-determination of the Armenians and Kurds who are still suffering, as well as the refusal to recognize the genocide against the Armenians, Kurds and Greek-Pontians. Still, after so many decades, Germany's war reparations to Greece, which had hundreds of thousands of victims as well as huge disasters caused by the neo-barbaric Nazis, who also destroyed their own beautiful country, are pending. Also, the constantly persecuted Greek minority in Northern Epirus as well as the Turkish provocations against Greece and Cyprus including the barbaric conversion of Hagia Sophia, a world cultural monument under the protection of UNESCO, and the indifference of the "authorities" in red. They are limited to words only. Furthermore, Turkey conspires with Albania and Skopje. Let's not miss the return of the Parthenon Marbles!

In addition to the above: 

 – About 85 million people have been forcibly uprooted from their homelands and are refugees in foreign homelands, and we are experiencing this tragedy today in our country as well. And the fragmentation of states continues.

– Every year about 10 million young children die of hunger.

 – The unemployed exceed 1 billion. and the homeless half a billion. At the same time, billions of people do not have access to drinking water. 

 – Over 100 million children do not go to school and approximately 200-250 million underage children are forced to work, victims of severe exploitation. In Brazil they are estimated at 45 million while in the USA about 5 million.

  – The case of the sexual exploitation of millions of minors as well as the trafficking of body parts for which there is no evidence is tragic.

 – Finally, in 28 countries in Africa, female genital mutilation continues, and also - the most horrific - HIV carriers in South Africa, believing, due to some satanic prejudice or propaganda, that if they sleep with a virgin they are cured, blackmail or rape virgin girls by transmitting the terrible disease and killing thousands of innocent beings. Rapes, femicides, etc., especially in some countries, in the red!        

        With regard to the rights related to health, hygiene, education, employment, but also to justice and religion, the picture becomes even more blurred, especially in some well-known cases, where profit-making complexes undermine the public sector and the institutions themselves. The same applies to the rights that go back to individual freedoms, such as torture and other degrading humiliating acts. The revelations about Guantanamo and others, as well as the ghosts of Orwell with the regime of phobias that he presides over are eloquent. On the other hand, however, reminiscent of the portrait of the tragic Dorian Gray, the image is defiantly contradictory, leading to obvious conclusions about the "civilized" and "democratic" world we live in: Probably a SALES and DEMOCRATIC world! Some numbers are very telling:

-The wealth of the three richest people in the world exceeds the combined GDP of the 48 least developed countries. -The wealth of the 32 richest people exceeds the GDP of South Africa. -The wealth of the 84 richest people exceeds the GDP of China.

-The wealth of the 225 richest people in the world exceeds 1 trillion dollars! However, less than 4% of this amount is sufficient to provide basic social services to everyone on Earth.

– Annual worldwide advertising spending has increased by approximately 700% from 1950 to today.

- 6 billion dollars are spent annually on basic education worldwide, while 8 billion are spent on cosmetics in the USA.

-For sanitation and irrigation facilities in the world 9 billion dollars, while for ice cream in Europe 11 billion dollars.

-For gynecological hygiene in the world 12 billion dollars, while for perfumes in Europe and USA 12 billion dollars.

- For basic health care 13 billion dollars, while for pet food in Europe and USA 17 billion.

-For professional entertainment in Japan 35 billion dollars.

-50 billion dollars for cigarettes in Europe.

- For alcoholic beverages in the world 105 billion dollars.

-For drugs in the world 400 billion dollars.

-Finally, if there is an end to this horror, more than 2 trillion dollars a year are wasted on military spending in the world!

      Do they need comments? Also, what can we say about the new refugee "tsunami" that has hit some countries, especially the "experimental animal" the "useful idiot" Greece, and which if not dealt with promptly and effectively will cause chaos! And so many other man-made problems: epidemic diseases (media reports that during the corona virus period the profits of some increased alarmingly), demographics, unemployment, fires, etc. The dramatic question is reasonable, therefore, and spontaneous: Can we, do we have the right to talk about human rights, or, perhaps, about inhuman rights? So the conclusion is that we live in a paranormal, falsified - to a great extent - society where human rights, like other ideals, have entered the stock market of international authoritarianism and profiteering and are acquired and enjoyed selectively, in the context of rigid social exclusion, which impose the according to Demosthenes "happy depravity", at the expense of the great majority of people who are used inhumanely for war purposes, consumer tools, trade in weapons, drugs and body parts, for crimes and whatever else is contained in the terrible modern Pandora's box where even the hope has been listed! 

         However, human rights are not limited to society, but also to its natural environment, including animals, which when it is harmed and suffers, humanity is harmed and suffers too. What about anthropogenic Climate Change, whose dramatic and tragic consequences are becoming increasingly painfully felt. Plus adulteration of the food chain. And the origin of the coronavirus? It is now as clear as day that the planet Earth has seriously declined and is being destroyed, dragging the human race along this tragic and irrational course, unless some extraterrestrials program in the extracorporeal tubes of corruption and insanity, as new horrible Megels, the mutation of humans into vampires, because only this species will be able to thrive on Earth years from now if there is no timely and effective prevention, resistance and action. But I forgot. The same speculators plan, after destroying Earth, to colonize other planets. This is a highly anti-social offense. With the rigid prevailing system of sleazy competition for competition, where human activities and natural goods are adulterated by rigid profiteers, in essence psychopaths, humanity mutates into a vast HUMAN MINE, where some anti-social circles mine instead of coal people and exploit them or in a vast competing circuit of funeral parlors for others without regard to their own order.

        Obviously, the arrogance of power and the subculture of violence, fear and amorality, resulting either in aggression and anti-sociality or in apathy, debauchery and slavery, lead humanity to direct or indirect murder and genocide or suicide. What's wrong, practically? The non-implementation of the provisions of the Declaration. The theoretical background exists and is sufficient, but there is a serious deficit in its implementation, in its practical application. As in the case of laws, which do exist, but are not applied, so it is a free gift. And yet, the theory is used as an alibi, as a pretext. Complacency is created that if there is a theoretical framework there will be an application. Error. Too much hypocrisy! The enemies of the law, the anti-social establishment, the "lovers" of meritocracy, especially the circles that are addicted to violence, illegality, and parasitism, have taken care of creating safety valves to ensure their opaque interests.

        The same applies to international collective bodies such as the UN, which is made up of states. The gap between the provisions of the Charter, the decisions of its organs, and their implementation continues. About eighty decisions have been approved by the General Assembly and the SA for the Cyprus issue, as well as many others for the Middle East, but as you know they have not been implemented and the offenders-troublemakers are not deterred and continue their provocative game at the expense of the international legal order and morality . And the above tragedies are not enough, but the same perpetrators cause (even within the UN as with the provocative behavior of Turks (Recently even against UN Peacekeepers), Skopians and Albanians (Beleri case) new dramatic adventures wherever they find or cause void of unity and power! And the worst, from the violation of the ODDA and the "system" of injustice that presides worldwide and the uncontrolled reaction and resistance also presides over social fragmentation, the rupture of the social fabric with all the consequences: violence, which has been reduced to a culture by mass media, the cinema, etc., insecurity, fear-mongering, terrorism, conflicts, etc., in which, however, the exploiters of people, dealers in weapons, drugs, raw materials, etc. invest. What an angelic world!   

What's needed; In DIA TAVATA:

 Primarily, Catholic education, which creates CITIZENS in the ancient Greek sense, the responsible participant in the commons, and not the INDIVIDUAL, the indifferent, passive, parasite (idiot). It goes without saying, of course, the existence of meritocracy, responsible and appropriate political leadership for the creation of a proper infrastructure for education and for the substantial and real implementation of the provisions of the ODDA in any suitable way and the strengthening of the UN to carry out its valuable work and in the field of human rights, so that we not only observe this Day every year, but celebrate it with all pomp. But what kind of education can achieve its high mission when it fosters a spirit of social exclusion, social injustice, social discrimination? Such a spirit tears apart the social fabric with dramatic and tragic results. The preamble of the UNESCO Declaration very wisely states that "Since wars are born in the thoughts of men, there we must build the defenses of peace." This highlights the value and importance of education.

          The same is true in all areas of human activity. Therefore, education must be based on the principles of the UN Charter and the UDHR and include the media. An education free from the stiff anti-social competition and modern subculture that goes so far as to distort history for the sake of international warmongering profit circles and addicts society to violence, fear, immorality, atheism and materialistic insanity, an education that it teaches meritocracy, a sense of measure and substance and not meaningless formalistic displays, dogmatism, competition for competition's sake, an education with competitive optimism, vigilance, a sense of responsibility. Finally, an education that teaches democratic resistance, solidarity, mobilization and action, based on the unique "APITE" of Pericles because, otherwise, for the ongoing and upcoming disasters of our Planet, the ozone hole will not be to blame, but the "hole » in the consciousness of especially the powerful!

           The great Lebanese poet Kahlil Gibran writes: "just as the leaf of a tree does not wither by itself, but with the tacit knowledge of the whole tree, so no evil happens in the world without the hidden will of all." In other words, we are all, to the extent that corresponds to each one, co-responsible, accomplices in the "crime". Also, our great Poet Nikiforos Vrettakos said that before the pollution of the environment something else had been polluted, meaning human thought!

         However, it would be unfair and unreasonable not to recognize some achievements related to the Declaration and the implementation of its provisions, and to close the event with pessimism. The opposite! Optimism is required, but not empty of substance. Racing optimism. Action Optimism! Before the establishment of the UN there were over 300 million peoples under colonial rule. Today, few regions have not gained their independence for reasons, mainly geostrategic. Also, many country constitutions have incorporated provisions of the Declaration and apply them improving the image of human rights. Also, there is progress in the areas of tribal etc. discrimination, as well as - in some cases - the elimination of hunger, poverty, illiteracy, health, hygiene, etc.

             However, it is imperative, it is an absolute necessity, for there to be satisfactory improvement and progress, that there be radical changes in the world leadership, in the UN, so that its Member States also comply accordingly. And as you know, the UN system is made up of 30 organizations that can solve many problems that plague humanity. First of all, the Charter must be revised, the scandalous privilege of the veto should be abolished, and - most importantly - war should be outlawed, so that the huge sums spent on murder - people have lost their value in the face of arms - to be allocated for the treatment of hunger, poverty, epidemic diseases, etc., and for the development and well-being of the peoples, according to the Charter and the ODDA!

          This, however, means that the "authorities", who invest in violence, in fear, in wars for profit, instead of inventing, provoke enemies - because they hold that the system of rigid competition cannot survive without opponents - to embrace its provisions Map and the ODDA so that-at last-humanity can see a better future! In 1928, US and French Foreign Ministers Kellogg and Briand proposed to the Council of Ministers that war be outlawed. Turned down. Arms producers and dealers had meanwhile become a state within a state! In the 80s, General Boutros Boutros-Ghali wrote the famous Agenda for Peace, which if implemented we would not have all these wars etc. today. tragedies. His term was not renewed. The current tragedy in Ukraine confirms the general decline.

          In conclusion, and to answer the age-old question of whether global governance is needed, the answer is yes, and it can exist within the framework of the UN, although its founding goal was to pass on its principles and provisions to its members and itself to "disintegrate" ", but of course not in the sense of totalitarianism or the abundance and incoherence that prevails today, but to operate with a genuine democratic, responsible, universal spirit, free from the shackles of anti-social competition, but for the good of all, without discrimination, with unity and solidarity, according to the Charter! And this can be achieved by leaders of various states, who are, however, beyond all doubt pacifist democrats, who have embraced the principles and values ​​of the Charter and the ODDA, and pass them on to the rest of the leaders, even if some are negative , to consider them properly through collective decisions - by an overwhelming majority - of the provisions of the Charter and the UN Convention, and of the International Court of Justice. It goes without saying, of course, that the prohibition of war will be preceded so that, with a view and vision of peace, the conditions for universal peace, development, and prosperity will be created. I think that reflecting on the above will be a tribute to the ODDA but also to the millions of innocent victims of human rights violations, victims of genocide, terrorism, hungry, refugees, diverse violence, and to those who are really and sincerely fighting for this. And - the most important thing - if this reflection could reach the rulers to do - finally - their human duty.

       As far as human rights are concerned, in general, in our country, although some progress has been made, phenomena of social exclusion, corruption, opacity and worthlessness continue with negative results.

 

The main Human Rights Conferences:

1968, International Conference in Tehran on Human Rights as part of the International Year of the same name. 1993, World Conference in Vienna on Human Rights, where the Vienna Declaration was also adopted, where, among other things, it states that "democracy, development and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms are interdependent and mutually reinforcing" as well as the Program of Action unanimously adopted by 171 states. The Right to Development was adopted by the General Assembly in 1986.

 

Labor Rights.

The International Labor Organization has achieved many landmark Conventions in the field of employment: 1930 on forced labour. 1948 on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize. In 1949 for the Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining. In 1951 for the Right to Equal Pay. 1958 on Discrimination in the Workplace on the basis of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, descent or social origin. In 1973 for the Lower Labor Limit.

 

Apartheid.

1962, UN Special Commission against Apartheid in 1973. G.S. adopted the International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid. 1977, the International Declaration against Apartheid in Sport. 1985, the International Conference against Apartheid in Sport. 1992, the S.A. established UNOMSA (UN Observer Mission in South Africa) to strengthen peace structures there.

 

Racism (Racism) – Racial Discrimination

1963, G.S. adopted the UN Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. 1965 G.S. adopted the International Convention of the same name. 1993 the G.S. proclaimed the Third Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). In the same year, the Commission on Human Rights appointed a Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance. Two World Conferences were held on Combating Racism and Racial Discrimination (1978 and 1983. Also in 2001.

 

Women's Rights.

Women's rights occupied the UN since 1945. In 1946, the Commission on the Status of Women was formed. In particular, after the end of colonialism and Apartheid, the UN tackled women's issues by establishing the UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, known as UN-Women, established in 1976 by the UN Fund for the Development of Women (UNIFEM) and became active in 2011.

    In 2010 the UN General Assembly unanimously adopted Resolution 64/289 establishing UN-Women, merging the Directorate for the Advancement of Women (DAW), the International Institute for Research and Training on Women (INSTRAW-1976), the Office of the Special Adviser on Issues of Gender Equality and the Advancement of Women (OSAG), and the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM).

      The General Assembly, ECOSOC and the Commission on the Status of Women oversee the above bodies, as well as the UN Executive Council. It consists of 45 members: 13 from Africa, 11 from Asia, 9 from Latin America, etc. countries, 8 from Western Europe, 6 from Eastern Europe, 6 from various other countries. Purpose 1) Leadership and Political Participation, 2) Economic Empowerment, 3) Ending Violence Against Women, 4) Humanitarian Action, 5) Peace and Security, 6) Governance and National Planning, 7) 2030 Roadmap for Sustainable Development, 8) HIV -AIDS.

 

World Conferences for women.

1976-1985 International Women's Decade. 1975 Mexico City Conference. 1985 Nairobi Conference. In 1995 4η World Conference on Women in Beijing. Also, the Conference for the Development of Women in Addis Ababa in 2015. Certainly, the frequent tragic incidents at the global level are known, especially in our country and indeed in recent years and during the Covid crisis. In some countries, genital mutilation, gang rape, etc. continue. crimes against women. In N. Africa the most tragic thing is happening that has to do with HIV. Either due to some prejudice, superstition or vile propaganda, men believing that if they have intercourse with virgins, they will be cured of HIV, blackmail, rape innocent women thereby spreading the disease to millions.

       And a few words about 8η March, International Women's Day, whose origins go back 166 years when, on March 8, 1857, the first demonstration of textile workers in New York was held to demand better working conditions, and which ended in tragedy, as well as the tragic labor accident in the same City where 14 immigrant women lost their lives. Subsequently, and in remembrance and paying tribute to the above tragedies, in 1910 the German Clara Zetkin {Chetkin}, delegate to the Conference of Socialist Women in Copenhagen, proposed the establishment of 8th March as International Women's Day, celebrated in 1911 and adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1977, is celebrated by most of the Organization's member countries.

       Of course, with what is happening dramatically and tragically to the detriment of women's rights in many countries, I wonder if we have the right to speak of a "celebration" of the Day, or perhaps better of a "memorial". Unfortunately, despite the "progress" that has been made in many areas with the significant contribution of the UN and its Organizations, in many cases there is inaction or even regression especially in some countries. The slave trade of women continues, as well as the social etc. blocking them, e.g. not hiring pregnant women, excruciating working hours, low wages, undermining trade union rights, indirect blackmail and sexual harassment, etc., plus the notorious party and para-party and union bribery, resulting in many young girls being forced to emigrate. The infamous bleeding of brains and working hands that some powerful countries have reduced to super-science!

        As for our country, where in WW2 tens of thousands of women sacrificed themselves in the holy struggle for freedom, peace and democracy, they have obviously been forgotten, and it is a tragic irony that women leaders of powerful countries, with too much ingratitude, have been indifferent to the vindication of the country for the war reparations from the Nazis, who destroyed Greece. Also, for the tragedy of the Republic of Cyprus, where many women were killed or are missing.     

In March 1908, 15 women demonstrated in New York under the slogan "Bread and Roses", the former symbolizing livelihood, and the latter the general welfare. Obviously, however, the world leaders, in the context of the unseemly competition, the materialistic insanity and the arrogance of power, take care to distribute "sponge cake" instead of bread, and only the thorns from the roses! The latter are reserved for those who, according to Demosthenes, are "happily happy". Could it be that, therefore, on the occasion of the "celebration" (observance would be more correct) of Women's Day, the women, but also the men for support, should demonstrate with a crown of thorns on their heads?       

 

Children's Rights - UNICEF

 

1989 The Convention on the Rights of the Child

1990 International Labor Organization Program for the Elimination of Child Labour. 1992 the G.S. urged the governments and the Commission on D.A. to take measures for street children. The Subcommittee on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities called for measures to end child recruitment. In 1997 he was appointed by the Secretary General as Special Representative for Children in Conflict. Also, the Human Rights Committee appointed a Special Rapporteur on Child Trafficking, Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Commercial Use of Adoption.

 

The rights of minorities

 The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights covers a wide range. In 1992 the General Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities. In 1995, the Commission for D.A. authorized the establishment by the Subcommittee of the Working Group on Minorities. The Group recommends practical measures to improve the protection of minority rights.

 

Indigenous peoples-first peoples, tribal peoples, aboriginal, autochthons.

There are approximately 300 million indigenous people living in approximately 70 countries. In 1982 the Subcommittee on Human Rights established the Working Group on Indigenous Peoples. In 1992 at the Planet Summit related problems were raised. In 1993 at the end of the International Year for Indigenous Peoples the General Assembly declared the International Decade for the World's Indigenous Peoples (1994-2004).

 

Non-independent areas. Non-Self-Governing Territories.

There are regions that have not gained their independence for strategic reasons that serve powerful Powers, but this issue cannot be developed now.

 

Disabled persons

About 500 million people are disabled. 1981 International Year of the Handicapped. A Global Program of Action was adopted. 1983-1992 UN Decade for the Disabled. In 1994 the General Assembly adopted a long-term strategy for its further implementation.

 

Migrant workers

In 1990, a new convention for the protection of migrant workers was adopted and entered into force in 1998. Unfortunately, this issue was also politically and strategically instrumentalized by some states, especially Turkey.

 

Administration of Justice

 In 1992, the UN Commission for the Prevention of Crime and Criminal Justice (criminal justice) was created.

 

 

 

 

photo Eugenio Albrecht / https://pixabay.com 

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