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The Houthis and the ports

The Houthis and the ports

1 Apr, 2024

Written by Ioanna Lazarou and Lambros Karageorgos

The Houthis, rebel rebels who control large parts of the High Seas in Yemen have made their presence known through the widespread use of rockets and missiles. This practice has potential implications for ports in the region, with some gaining and others losing from this activity.
At the center of Houthi action is the port of Hudaydah, which is one of Yemen's most important ports and a major hub for importing food and humanitarian aid. Therefore, rocket attacks in this direction raise serious concerns about the safety of launch and reception operations.

The port of Aden, another major export and import hub in Yemen, has also come under attack by the Houthis. These attacks have raised concerns about the stability of commercial activities in the region.
On the other hand, some ports have benefited from Houthi activities. The Houthi-controlled port of Salef has emerged as a major commercial center and import hub for many supplies.
In addition, the Houthis have used the sea as a route to transport weapons and equipment. This has increased pressures on shipping lanes in the Gulf of Aden, affecting maritime security and trade in the region.

Overall, the Houthi attacks and the use of the port as a means of transporting equipment have created numerous security and stability challenges in the region, while shaping a new geopolitical landscape in and around Yemen.

The Houthi attacks on Yemeni ports have caused concern not only in the local and international community, but also in companies operating in the region. The unpredictable nature of attacks makes it difficult for companies to plan their shipping activities and ensure the safety of their personnel and cargo.
However, despite the challenges faced by the ports due to the Houthi attacks, some of them are trying to adapt to the new conditions. This means adopting additional security measures and working with local and international authorities to address threats.
At the same time, other ports are benefiting from this situation, as attacks on their competing Yemeni ports make them preferable for businesses and shipping operators looking for safe and unhindered shipping routes.
Overall, the Houthi attacks on Yemeni ports have created a complex geopolitical field with conflicting interests and implications for the region's economy and security. The evolution of this situation requires continuous monitoring and action by the authorities and stakeholders in order to ensure stability and security in the region.

Which ports are losing, which are gaining from their… rockets – The image of Piraeus [graphs]

houthi limania 1
The ups and downs in the ports of the Mediterranean have been brought about by the rerouting of the ships of the main lines of the shipping companies shipping containers through the Cape of Good Hope.

In order to avoid… their missiles Houthi liners have routed their ships through Africa avoiding Suez, a decision that has resulted in a sharp reduction in vessel capacity in Eastern and Central Mediterranean ports, with Western Mediterranean ports showing greater resilience, it says the analysis house Drewry.

As the security situation in the Red Sea remains unresolved, container liners continue to divert mainline vessels plying between Asia and Europe via the Cape of Good Hope.

After an initial period of disruption, when scheduled arrival dates were overturned due to the longer route, containership approaches to Western Mediterranean ports have largely stabilised. Although container traffic fell by 1,4% year-on-year in Algeciras in January 2024, volume increased in Spain's other two ports (Valencia and Barcelona) by 11% year-on-year.

In contrast, Eastern and Central Mediterranean hub ports saw sharp declines in average weekly vessel tonnage in 1Q24, ranging from an 18% drop in Italy's Gioia Tauro to a 31% drop in Piraeus.

In January 2024, volumes handled at the Piraeus Container Terminal were down 13% year-on-year, while traffic at the Suez Canal Container Terminal was down 3%, Drewry figures show.

The average weekly tonnage of container ship calls at major Red Sea ports also fell sharply. While some liners continue to serve the ports of King Abdullah and Jeddah, at the same time they have replaced the mainline ship approaches with smaller services from Mediterranean hubs that provide a dedicated connection to the northern Red Sea.

The port of Dammam in Saudi Arabia received some additional approaches in 1Q24, but the high growth rate is partly due to the relatively low base of 4Q23.

The Sri Lankan port of Colombo is also emerging as a key transshipment hub, offering liners the opportunity to transfer cargo between services diverted through the Cape and services to/from the Middle East. It has recorded an 18% increase in average weekly vessel tonnage in 1Q24, while YTD traffic is up 30% at the end of February.

source https://www.ot.gr/
photo https://www.nst.com.my/ 


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